Gina Rone

Gina Rone

Forest Soil Scientist with the Fremont-Winema National Forest


Gina Rone has been a soil scientist for the Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management over the past 15 years. After graduating with degrees in Environmental Science, Biology, and Geology, she worked in Utah, Idaho, and currently serves as the Forest Soil Scientist on the Fremont-Winema National Forest out of Lakeview, Oregon. She gained much of her timber experience in Northern Idaho, supporting and providing input to management activities for complex landscapes and variable harvest methods.

Presentation Topic

Soil Resource Management for Logging in Steep Slopes

Presentation Description

Conserving soil characteristics such as integrity, function, and productivity are always important in logging operations, but soil management is particularly challenging during harvest activities on steeper slopes (>35%). Soil conservation is important for future forest productivity, conservation of hydrologic function, and prevention of erosion, especially on steep slopes and above fish-bearing streams.

Specific examples of equipment operations damaging soil include side-tracking and turning, which can lead to displacement, mixing, and berms. Such disturbance of the natural layering and density of soils reduces productivity and moisture retention, among other effects. Ruts created by machinery are especially prone to allowing runoff, sediment movement, and over-land flow of water, especially when combined with soil compaction. There are however, management practices available to mitigate soil-resource impacts, such as aerial logging, but when that is not feasible, placement of slash-mats from cut-to-length and forwarder operations have proven to be beneficial.

The Forest Service has a pilot project underway on the Fremont-Winema National Forest to look at the utilization and effectiveness of slash mats and overall impacts of logging on steep slopes. This presentation will cover some of the basics of soil preservation in forest management with a focus on steep slopes, and report preliminary findings on the latter pilot project studying slash-mats. Since current federal regional and forest standards require that no more than 20 percent of an activity area can be adversely affected, it takes continuous conscious efforts to try new approaches, improve old practices, as well as knowing when to refrain from adverse activities to ensure that soils will retain their long-term productivity.

Workshop Schedule

Registration Opens

10:00 AM

Light Lunch

11:00 AM

Key Note Speaker

12:00 PM

Panel: The Economics of Forest Restoration

Topics: Making Forest Restoration Economical, Contractor Logging Costs & Opportunities for Cost-savings, The Economics of Dry Forest Stewardship Projects, and Using the Land Fin Tool

Panel: From Inception to Implementation, Planning for Success

Topics: Planning at the Landscape Scale, Making Use of Good Neighbor Authority, Authorities to Maximize Restoration, and Packaging Federal Resources for All-lands Restoration

Panel: Cutting Edge Technologies for Sale Layout and Implementation (Part 1)

Topics: Virtual Boundaries and Discernable Boundaries, Integration of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in daily forest operations: from cruising to regeneration survey, Using Avenza PDF Maps in Concert with Cut-To-Length Harvesting Systems, and Planning Ground-based Harvest Operations to Limit Soil Impacts

Reception and Featured Speaker

5:30 PM


7:00 AM

Featured Speaker

Panel: Forest Treatments for Riparian Health

Topics: Hydrology Concerns for Treatments in Riparian Areas, Riparian Thinning Using Cut-to-Length, and Riparian Thinning: An Example from the Deschutes National Forest

Panel: Managing Good Fire at the Right Place and Right Time (Part 1)

Topics: Managed Fire: A tool or a Hazard? An in-depth discussion with the Lakeview Forest Stewardship Group.

Panel: Managing Good Fire at the Right Place and Right Time (Part 2)

Topics: Prescribed Fire at Scale and Contracting Prescribed Fire

Panel: Bridges and Water Crossings: Challenges and Opportunities

Topics: Roads, Crossings and Culverts, Low-cost approaches to Low-Volume Roads and Water Crossings, Prioritizing Roads, Crossings & Culverts with NetMap.

Lunch: A View from All Sides: Perspectives on Implementation Efficiencies, Challenges, & Opportunities

Summary Statements from Forest Service Staff, Collaborative Member and Industry Representative discussed over Lunch

11:45 AM


Have a safe trip home!

1:00 PM


7:00 AM

Featured Speaker: Do Collaboratives Matter in Litigation?

with Susan Jane Brown

Panel: New Opportunities for Conventional Harvesting Systems and Biomass Utilization

Topics: Cut-to-Length vs Whole Tree Logging Systems, Biomass Utilization: Harvesting and Markets, and Managing Slash: Needs, Challenges, Opportunities

Panel: Steep Terrain Harvesting Systems

Topics: Skyline Logging: New Approaches to Traditional Systems, Steep Slope Logging, and Tethered Assist


with optional practical application activity

12:30 PM

Facilitated Conversations on the morning’s topics

Continue the discussion: The key elements of making forest restoration work economically viable

Panel: A Grounded Approach: Soil Considerations for Harvesting

Topics: Soil Matters: Improving Forest Landscape Planning and Management for Diverse Objectives with Soils Information and Expertise, Soil Resources Management for Logging in Steep Slopes, Interaction of Steep Slope Equipment with Soil Resources

Panel: Cutting Edge Technologies for Sale Layout and Implementation (Part 2)

Topics: Tablet applications for Implementing Silvicultural Prescriptions, Forest Restoration in the Tablet & Smart Phone era: Marking and Realtime Monitoring using the ICO APP, and Non-contact tree measurement for forest harvesting machines

Panel: Designation Methods: Lessons Learned

Topics: Alternative Contracting Methods and Implementation Strategies for Commercial Harvest, DxP and DxD

Facilitated Conversation on Afternoon Topics

or optional practical application activity

Dinner on your own

Enjoy one of the many area dining options at your leisure.

6:00 PM
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